Doreen's Kitchen Home


The next 6 books trace the time
from Samuel to the Captivity
The Next 3 books deal with
Israel's Restoration.

(not in all Bibles)




(1 OF 5)
Walked with God
the Fall,
the Flood,
spread of the nations,
and Joseph

Enslavement in Egypt.
- Walking
in the Spirit.did
not die; God took
Noah-Not being
conformed to this
About Enoch/Thoth
Enoch & Ark of Covenant
Nephilim (Enoch mentioned)
When Was It Written?

Genesis came into being over the
course of more than five hundred
years, being completed sometime
during or shortly after the Babylonian
exile (587-538 B.C.E.).

Genesis 1-11
portrays the beginnings
of the world, including creation, the fall
into sin, and the flood and aftermath.
Genesis 12-50 tells the story of
Israel's ancestors, especially regarding
the promises conveyed by God to

God made circumcision the sign of
his covenant relationship.
Prehistory up to 1800 BCE
Ancestral Period 1800 BCE - 1500 BCE

Civilization probably began in the semicircle of territory stretching north and
east from Egypt to the Persian Gulf known as the Fertile Crescent. The
cultural legacy of Egypt in this period is well known. The pyramid of Cheops
(2600 B.C.E.) is but the most obvious monument to their skill. In the plain
between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers the Sumerians built cities, farmed
extensively with the aid of irrigation, engaged in foreign trade, invented
writing, developed a numerical system based on the number sixty that
evolved into our division of the hour into sixty minutes and the circle into
360 degrees, and codified law. The Sumerians worshiped many gods who
were believed to inhabit their various city-states.
Around 2330 B.C.E. Sargon the Great of Akkad defeated the Sumerian
city-states and established the world's first empire. Semitic peoples
(Akkadians, Babylonians, and Assyrians) continued to rule Mesopotamia
until 539 B.C.E. when Cyrus and the Persians gained control. Mt. Sinai may
be named for the Akkadian moon god "Sin," whom Sargon worshiped.

In this period the civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia produced
thousands of texts revealing broad interests in mathematics, law, medicine,
astronomy, zoology, art, engineering, cosmology, architecture, and religion.
The basic questions of life were explored in mythic epics such as the
Enuma Elish and the Gilgamesh Epic that greatly influenced the biblical
sources behind much of the book of Genesis.

The Amorites were a Semitic, seminomadic people who entered
Mesopotamia around 2000 B.C.E. establishing the important cities of Mari
and Babylon and seizing control of the entire region in the nineteenth
century. Later, Hammurabi became the most famous of the Amorite rulers.
His law code is very similar in form, and often in terms of content, to what
will later appear in the legal traditions of the book of Exodus.

The Levant, the area that would become Syria-Palestine, the site of biblical
Israel, was under Egyptian control at this time. The Middle Kingdom (2050
B.C.E.) was the period of Egypt's greatest power. Canals provided irrigation
as fortifications protected the borders. The pharaohs were more benign
than in the Old Kingdom. Building projects were more likely to involve public
works than pyramids, and Egypt was renowned for the extent of its trade
with Phoenicia, Crete, and Babylon.

There are no references to Israel's ancestors outside of the biblical texts,
and these texts, found in the book of Genesis, do not lend themselves to
historical reconstruction. They are legends or sagas, more interested in
making a theological case than in presenting historical details.
Nevertheless, many would maintain that the early ancestors of what would
become Israel came to Syria-Palestine from Mesopotamia sometime in the
early second millennium and that their numbers included tribal leaders
named Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

Several migrations of Semitic peoples occurred during this period. The
Amorites under Shamshi-adad I seized control of Assyria and the city of
Mari from the Akkadians at the beginning of this period and held sway until
Zimri-Lim of Mari rebelled. During his reign, the best documented in
antiquity, Mari reached its glorious peak. Mari has provided us with over
20,000 cuneiform tablets that enhance our understanding of the period.
Similarities with the biblical witness in these texts include the importance of
the clan, census-taking procedures, primogeniture, and legal procedures
involving adoption and inheritance. Ultimately, Babylonia gained supremacy
over Mari and Assyria under Hammurabi, whose famous law code
promoting equitable rule became a model for later codes in the ancient
Near East.

Meanwhile, another Amorite people, the Hyksos (or "foreign rulers"),
defeated Egypt, largely through the use of horse and chariot, and ruled an
area stretching from Nubia, south of Egypt, to Syria. Some Hebrew
migration to Egypt probably occurred at this time. Further to the north, the
Hurrians came from west of the Tigris River through Mesopotamia and into
Syria-Palestine. Hurrian parallels to Israel's ancestral customs have been
seen in the Nuzi tablets: the provision of a concubine by a childless wife
echoes Sarai's giving Hagar to Abram (Gen 16:2); "household gods" as a
symbol of inheritance may explain Rachel's theft of those belonging to her
father (Gen 31:19-21); and prohibition against the expulsion of a second
wife may clarify Abraham's reluctance to send Hagar into the wilderness
(Gen 21:11). An Indo-European people from Asia Minor, the Hittites,
brought an end to the First Dynasty of Babylon around 1540 B.C.E. The
Bible records several dealings between the ancestors of Israel and the
Hittites: Abraham lived among them as a resident alien and purchased a
cave from them as a family tomb (Gen 23); and Esau married two Hittites,
displeasing his parents (Gen 26:34-35; 27:46).
Click maps below for larger images
In the case of the “two creation accounts,”
Genesis 1 is said to be a “P” document (dating from the Babylonian or post-Babylonian captivity
period), while Genesis 2 is supposed to be a “J” narrative from the ninth century B.C.
In Genesis 1 (Priestly) the Creator is a transcendent Being, majestically and distantly bringing the
creation into existence. The first account starts out with the creation of ‘heaven and earth. In chapter 1
man is represented as having been made “in the image of God”.
In Genesis 2 (Yahwist) however, He is characterized by naive anthropomorphisms (human
terminology applied to deity) which imply an inferior status. For example, in Genesis 2 the writer says
that Jehovah “formed,” “breathed,” “planted,” etc. Man is the center of interest.  In chapter 2, he is
merely “formed...of the dust of the ground”
There are different emphases in the two chapters...but the reason for these is obvious. Chapter 1
continues the narrative of creation until the climax, namely, man made in the image and likeness of
To prepare the way for the account of the fall, chapter 2 gives certain added details about
man’s original condition, which would have been incongruous and out of place in the grand,
declarative march of chapter 1
N OTHER WORDS...the topic of the creation of the man and the woman is the focus of the whole of
chapter 2. What the author had stated as a simple fact in chapter 1 (man, male and female, was
created in God’s likeness) is explained and developed throughout the narrative of chapter 2.
  GENESIS 1:1 – 2:4a
God “said” things and they
became so.
God created both male and
female; it is generalized,
making one think that he did
so at the same time (and not
because Adam was lonely)
Darkness was over the surface
until God began his creation.
  GENESIS 2:4B – 25
God is quite busy preparing
the world for inhabitation by
animals and man.
Adam was created from the
ground, and Eve was created
from Adam (not the ground),
as Adam was “lonely”.
God created the world, and
placed a Garden of Eden for
Adam to enjoy
Genesis sets the stage for the entire drama of redemption which unfolds in the rest of the Bible.
Genesis shows us
•        the origins of the universe,
•        order and complexity,
•        the solar system,
•        the atmosphere and hydrosphere,
•        the origin of life,
•        man,
•        marriage,
•        evil,
•        language,
•        government,
•        culture,
•        nations,
•        religion.
It is precisely because people have abandoned the truth of Genesis that society is in such
Thus it is probable that the Book of Genesis was written originally by actual eyewitnesses of
the events reported therein. Probably the original narratives were recorded on tables of stone
or clay, in common practice of early times, and then handed down from father to son, finally
coming into the possession of Moses. Moses perhaps selected the appropriate sections for
compilation, inserted his own editorial additions and comments, and provided smooth
transitions from one document to the next, with the final result being the Book of Genesis as we
have received it
Eve, after her meeting with Satan
(are those owls, as in Bohemian Grove Owls??)
God rests from his work, or SHABAT, which means to stop. The Hebrew word SABBATH is the
name for this day of rest, from sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday.
In Christian religion, the "sabbath" was "moved" to Sunday in order to commemorate the day
that Jesus rose from the dead.
A Tale of Two Cities: Sodom and Gomorrah
More incest. Daughters get pregnant by their father
The Curse of HAM-- INCEST with his mother!! (AND
she got pregnant with Ham's son Canaan)
Nephilim, The Ark etc.
BABEL, Babylonia, Nimrod CLICK HERE
Sarah says, "Abraham, my husband and half brother,
meet Hagar my maid. Get her pregnant."
Garden of Eden and THE FALL
Also, check out APOCRYPHA which
details their life AFTER leaving the
Garden of Eden
Cain and Abel CLICK HERE
God is the primary character in the book
of Genesis. Virtually every characteristic
of God that is found in the Old
Testament is present here (an exception
is forgiveness, at least explicitly). God is
seen to be present and active, among
both chosen and nonchosen peoples,
from the beginning of the book and
throughout. God's work is always seen
as purposive, directed toward objectives
that are in the best interests of
individuals and peoples involved, indeed
the entire creation.
The first man God created.
God created Adam from dust and placed
him in the garden of Eden to till the
earth. God told Adam that he could eat
the fruit of every tree in the garden
except the tree of the knowledge of
good and evil. When God saw that it was
not good for the man to be alone, he
created Eve, the first woman. Eve ate
the forbidden fruit then gave some to
Adam who also ate it, then blamed Eve
for making him do so. Because of his
disobedience, God told Adam that he
would labor hard for his food, eating
bread by the sweat of his brow. To
prevent Adam and Eve from eating from
the tree of life so that they would live
forever, God drove them out of the
garden of Eden. Adam was the father of
Cain and Abel
The name of the first woman, wife of
God placed Adam and Eve in the
garden of Eden. A serpent enticed Eve
to eat fruit from the tree of the
knowledge of good and evil by telling
Eve that she would become like God,
knowing good and evil. After eating, she
gave some of the fruit to her husband
Adam who also ate it. Because of her
disobedience God said that Eve's pain
in childbearing would increase. To
prevent Adam and Eve from eating of
the tree of life so that they would live
forever, God drove them out of the
garden of Eden. Eve was the mother of
Cain and Abel
  Are Jesus and Lucifer the "morning
stars" in Job 38:7? How and when did
Lucifer become Satan?
The elder son of Eve, Cain murdered his
brother Abel.
Cain IS NOT included as a
descendant of Adam
The elder son of Eve, Cain was a farmer
and his brother Abel a shepherd. When
they brought their offerings to the Lord,
Abel's offering was accepted but Cain's
was not. In anger Cain killed his brother.
God asked Cain where Abel was, but
Cain denied knowing Abel's
whereabouts, saying "Am I my brother's
keeper?" God replied that Abel's blood
cried out from the ground against Cain,
and God condemned Cain's deed. Yet
God allowed him to live, placing a
special mark on his head so that no one
would kill him as he wandered the earth.
The son of Adam and Eve who was
murdered by Cain.
The second son of Adam and Eve, Abel,
was a shepherd, and his brother, Cain,
a farmer. When they brought their
offerings to the Lord, Abel's offering was
accepted but Cain's was not. In anger
Cain killed his brother. God asked Cain
where Abel was, but Cain denied
knowing his whereabouts. Then God
replied that Abel's blood was crying out
from the ground against Cain. God
condemned the murder, put a mark on
Cain so that no one would kill him as he
wandered the earth.
Son & descendent of Adam & Eve
7th descendent of Adam.
Great grandfather of Noah (Enoch,
Methuselah, Lamech then Noah). He
was a decendant of Adam. Enoch
started walking with God when he was
65 years old for 300 years. Enough
walked with God, then he was no more,
because God took him away.
Built the ark in which his family and the
animals were saved from a flood.
Noah was a righteous man whom God
told to build a boat or "ark" to save his
family and every kind of animal, bird,
and creeping thing from the flood that
would destroy life on the earth.  Noah
did so. It rained for 40 days and nights.
When the water receded, the ark landed
on Mount Ararat. Noah sent out a dove
to see if the flood waters had subsided.
At first the dove returned, then the dove
brought an olive branch, and finally the
dove did not return.
After this God put
the rainbow in the sky as a covenant

promise that he would not destroy the
earth again by a flood.
Abraham's father
God promised that Abraham would
become the father of a great nation,
receive a land, and bring blessing to all
Abraham migrated with his father Terah
from Ur to Haran. After his father's death
God called Abraham to go to the land
that he would show him where he would
make of Abraham a great nation.  
Abraham went to Canaan with his wife  
Sarah and nephew Lot.  As Abraham
and Sarah grew older they had no
children, so Abraham fathered a son,
Ishmael, through Sarah's servant Hagar.
The birth of Ishmael did not fulfill God's
promise of a child to Abraham and
Sarah so the promise of a great nation
remained unrealized.  God reaffirmed
his promise to give Abraham
descendants as numerous as the stars
in heaven, however, and God made
circumcision the sign of his covenant
relationship. When Abraham was 100
years old, Sarah bore a son named
Isaac.  God tested Abraham by
commanding him to sacrifice Isaac. As
they traveled, Isaac asked what they
would sacrifice and Abraham replied that
God would provide the lamb. As
Abraham made ready to sacrifice the
boy, God intervened and spared him,
and Abraham sacrificed a ram caught in
the bushes. The New Testament
portrays Abraham as an example of
faith, affirming that the promises God
made to Abraham extend to all who
Abraham's wife and mother of Isaac.
Sarah and Abraham left their home in
Haran to travel in Canaan, because God
promised to give them a land. For a time
she and Abraham were in Egypt and
they pretended to be brother and sister
out of fear that Sarah's beauty would
incite the Egyptians to kill her husband.
Sarah lived ninety years of her life
without bearing children and asked
Abraham to father a son (Ishmael)
through her servant Hagar.  God
promised that Sarah too would bear a
son and she laughed at the idea.  Later
she laughed for joy when her baby was
born, and she named the child Isaac
which means "he laughed."
Nephew of Abraham and Sarah.
Lot was a nephew of Abraham who
accompanied Abraham from Haran to
Canaan.  Lot eventually settled at
Sodom.  He was captured when kings
from the east invaded the region, but
Abraham freed him.  When God
determined to destroy Sodom because
of wickedness, two angels warned Lot to
flee.  He did so, although his wife looked
back and became a pillar of salt.
The priest-king of Salem (Jerusalem)
encountered by Abraham.
Melchizedek was king of Salem and a
priest of God. After Abraham defeated
the invading kings who had captured his
nephew Lot, he met Melchizedek, who
blessed him.  Psalm 110 referred to a
king who would be "a priest forever after
the order of Melchizedek."  The book of
Hebrews speaks of the priesthood of
Christ on the basis of these texts.
Sarah's maidservant, Abraham's
concubine, Ishamel's mother.
Hagar was Sarah's Egyptian
maidservant. When it seemed
impossible for Sarah to have children,
she urged Abraham to have a child with
Hagar. When Hagar became pregnant,
Sarah became jealous and Hagar fled
into the desert.  An angel appeared to
her and told her to return.  The son that
Hagar bore was Ishmael. When Sarah's
own son Isaac was born, Sarah asked
that Hagar and Ishmael be sent away.  
God told Abraham to assent to this and
God preserved Hagar and Ishmael in the
The son of Abraham and the Egyptian
woman Hagar.
Abraham's wife Sarah was old and had
borne no children.  She urged Abraham
to have a child with Hagar, her
maidservant.  The son she bore was
named Ishmael.
When Sarah later
bore a son named Isaac, she did not
want Ishmael to inherit anything,
she had Abraham send Hagar and
Ishmael away into the desert. God,
however, preserved and blessed
Son born to Abraham and Sarah in
fulfillment of God's promise.
Isaac was the promised son born to
Abraham and Sarah in their old age.  
The name Isaac means "he laughs."  
Isaac's older half-brother was Ishmael,
son of Abraham and Hagar. God
commanded Abraham to sacrifice Isaac,
but at the last moment told him to offer a
ram instead. Later, Abraham sent a
servant to Haran, the place that he had
left many years before, to find a wife for
Isaac. The servant met Rebekah beside
a well and brought her to Canaan to be
Isaac's wife. Isaac and Rebekah were
the parents of twin sons: Esau the elder
son, and Jacob the younger son. Isaac
favored Esau but Rebekah favored
Jacob. In Isaac's old age Rebekah and
Jacob tricked him into blessing Jacob,
the younger son, rather than Esau, the
elder son.
Father of Rebekah, father – in- law to
Father to Rachel & Leah, father-in-law to
Uncle to Esau & Jacob/Israel.
Isaac's wife, and mother of Jacob and
Late in his life Abraham became
concerned about the lineage of his
descendants. He sent his servant back
to his home country Haran to look for a
wife for his son Isaac. The servant met
Rebekah there and brought her back to
Canaan where she became Isaac's wife.
Rebekah was the mother of the twins
Jacob and Esau. Rebekah favored
Jacob and helped her son deceive his
father in order to obtain a blessing. In
the face of Esau's anger over the
incident she sent Jacob back to her
home country to live with Laban.
Son of Isaac and Rebekah and the older
twin brother of Jacob.
As firstborn Esau had a birthright to a
double share of inheritance, but he sold
this birthright to Jacob for a bowl of
stew.  Esau was a skillful hunter and
Isaac's favorite son.  When Isaac was
near death he asked Esau to bring him
a meal of wild game and then Isaac
would bless him.  While Esau hunted,
Jacob disguised himself as Esau,
brought food, and received a blessing.  
Esau was angry and Jacob departed to
live with his uncle Laban.  When Jacob
returned, many years later, the two
brothers were reconciled.
The son of Isaac and Rebekah, renamed
became the father of the
twelve tribal families.
Jacob was the son of Isaac and
Rebekah, the brother of Esau, and the
grandson of Abraham and Sarah. The
stories about Jacob are in the book of
Genesis and take place during the
Ancestrial Period. Jacob was known for
trickery.  He came out of the womb
grasping his brother Esau's heal.  Later
he persuaded Esau to sell him his
birthright and tricked Isaac into blessing
him instead of Esau.  Fearing his
brother's anger he fled to live with his
uncle Laban. On the way he had a
dream in which he saw a ladder
extending to heaven with angels
ascending and descending on it. Jacob
married two sisters, Rachel and Leah,
and also had two concubines, Bilhah
and Zilpah. These four women bore him
twelve sons.  Jacob became wealthy
while working for his uncle Laban.  
Eventually jealousy among Laban's sons
forced Jacob to flee back to Canaan in
spite of his fear of Esau. On the way he
wrestled an angel all night. In the
morning the angel changed Jacob's
name to Israel and he became the father
of the nation that bears his name.  His
sons gave their names to the twelve
tribes of Israel. Jacob eventually
migrated to Egypt to be with his son
Joseph, who had been sold there as a
slave but later rose to prominence in
Pharaoh's court.
Laban's oldest daughter and Jacob's first
Jacob loved Leah's younger sister,
Rachel, and wanted her for his wife. Her
father, Laban, promised Rachel's hand if
Jacob would work for him for seven
years. When the seven year contract
was complete Laban slipped Leah into
Jacob's tent in place of Rachel. When
Jacob awoke and found himself married
to Leah instead of Rachel he had to
work another seven years for Rachel.
Leah always had to struggle for Jacob's
attention, but she bore more of Jacob's
children than Rachel or his concubines.
In her competition with Rachel for
Jacob's favor she gave her handmaiden,
Zilpah, to him for a concubine. Leah's
children were Reuben, Simeon, Levi,
Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dinah.
Laban's younger daughter and Jacob's
second wife.
Rachel was the younger daughter of
Laban, Jacob's uncle.  Jacob wanted to
marry Rachel and Laban promised her
hand if Jacob would work for him for
seven years. After seven years Laban
slipped Rachel's sister Leah into Jacob's
tent in place of Rachel. When Jacob
awoke and found himself married to
Leah instead of Rachel, he had to work
another seven years for Rachel. Rachel
was Jacob's favorite wife. At first she
had trouble bearing children so she
gave her handmaiden Bilhah to Jacob
for a concubine. But, later she bore two
children, Joseph and Benjamin, who
became Jacob's favorite sons. She died
giving birth to Benjamin.
Son of Jacob who rose to prominence in
Joseph was born to Jacob and Rachel.  
He was his father's eleventh son.  As a
boy, Joseph received an elegant coat
from his father. He also dreamed that
the sun, moon, and eleven stars bowed
down before him, which indicated that
some day Joseph's family members
would bow down before him.  His
brothers became jealous, sold the boy
into slavery in Egypt, and placed blood
on his elegant coat to deceive their
father into thinking that Joseph was
dead.  In Egypt Joseph rose to a
position of influence, but was imprisoned
on false charges of making advances on
the wife of Potiphar, his master. After
interpreting Pharaoh's dreams which
portended famine, he was released and
given responsibility for Egypt's food
stores.  When famine struck, Joseph's
brothers came to Egypt for food. Joseph
disguised his identity, held one of his
brothers hostage in prison, and
demanded that the rest of them bring
their youngest brother Benjamin to
Egypt. Joseph also put his brothers'
money back in their sacks of grain.
When they returned Joseph revealed his
identity and brought his father Jacob to
live in Egypt. After Jacob died, Joseph's
brothers wondered if he would hold a
grudge against them, but Joseph
replied, "You intended to harm me, but
God intended it for good, to preserve
many lives"
Dinah was the daughter of Jacob by
While Jacob was living near Shechem,
his daughter Dinah went to visit some of
the neighboring women. A young man
took notice of her and forced himself on
her. Then with the help of his father he
sought to marry her. Dinah's brothers
were indignant and before they would
agree to the marriage insisted that all
the local men be circumcised. While the
men were still in pain from circumcision,
Dinah's brothers (Simeon and Levi)
attacked and killed them. Jacob
disapproved and denounced their
In the first three days God forms the cosmos; during the next three days he fills it.
The Bible is the place where God has
spoken to man. God meant something
with the text revealed to mankind. We
believe the Bible must be understood
literally, that is, as straightforward and
true according to its literary context. If we
don’t approach the Bible this way, then we
can only come to it with how we feel about
the text, and we decide what is true or
false about the text – making ourselves
greater than the text itself.
If you believe Genesis 1:1, you really
have no problem believing the rest of the
In the beginning God created the
heavens and the earth.
Men cannot create in the sense the term is used in
Genesis 1:1. We can only fashion or form things out
of existing material. The closest we come to creating
is in reproducing ourselves sexually. This is
perhaps one reason why Satan wants to pervert
and destroy God’s plan and standard for sexuality;
it is deeply connected to our being made in the
image of God. (enduringword.com)
“Where did God come from?” and “Who
created God?” The answer is found in the
definition of God - that God is the
uncreated Being, eternal, and without
beginning or end.
  At some time before the beginning, God created the
angels, because they witnessed the creation of the
heavens and the earth (Job 38:7).
  Job 38:1-7
1Then the Lord answered Job out
of the whirlwind and said:

2“Who is this that darkens counsel
by words without knowledge?
3Dress for action like a man;
I will question you, and you make it
known to me.
4“Where were you when I laid the
foundation of the earth?
Tell me, if you have understanding.
5Who determined its
measurements—surely you know!
Or who stretched the line upon it?
6On what were its bases sunk,
or who laid its cornerstone,
7when the morning stars sang
and all the sons of God shouted for
Thus the "sons of God" shouted for joy at the
creation of the earth (Job 38:7). These "sons of
God" were angels, who like Adam were created
directly by God.
  Are Jesus and Lucifer the "morning stars" in Job
38:7? How and when did Lucifer become Satan?
The term "morning star" has been given to the
planet Venus, which is seen at dawn, even though
Venus isn't really a star. However, once the sun
rises, the light of Venus is overcome by the light of
the sun, the real morning star. That is, Venus' light
lasts only until the true star, the sun, appears with
its extremely bright light. Likewise, when Jesus the
Son returns, His true Light will vanquish the false,
counterfeit light of Satan, who only masquerades as
an angel of light (2 Corinthians 1:14) or "morning
1st day of Creation
God created the heavens and the earth and water is present. God then speaks light into existence. He then separates the light from
the dark and names the light “day” and the dark “night.”
The earth was without form, and void:
Some translate the idea in this verse as
earth became without form and
Their thinking is the earth was
originally created
not without form and
, but it became without form and
through the destructive work of
Satan. However, this is not the plain
grammatical sense of the ancient Hebrew.
1In the beginning, God created the
heavens and the earth. 2The earth
was without form and void, and
darkness was over the face of the
deep. And the Spirit of God was
hovering over the face of the waters
In other words, Jesus the Christ will inaugurate the
daylight portion of the Day of the Lord. (The
nighttime portion will be the darkness that
precedes, since the biblical "day" officially starts at
nighttime.) The morning star will be the harbinger,
who will inaugurate the light part of the Day of the
Lord, and therefore he will terminate the darkness
part (which is a time of terrible judgment).
The “Gap Theory.” It is the idea that there
was a long and indefinite chronological
gap between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. Most
“Gap Theory” adherents use the theory to
explain the fossil record, assigning old
and extinct fossils to this indefinite gap.
It cannot explain the extinction and
fossilization of ancient animals.
Bible says plainly death came by Adam
(Romans 5:12), and since fossils are the
result of death, they could not have
happened before Adam’s time.
Romans 5:12
12Therefore, just as sin came into
the world through one man, and
death through sin, and so death
spread to all men because all sinned
Darkness was on the face of the deep
This may describe a sense of resistance
to the moving of the Holy Spirit on the
earth. Some speculate this was because
Satan was cast down to the earth and
resisted God’s plan, though his resistance
was futile.
Isaiah 14:12
How you are fallen from heaven,
O Day Star, son of Dawn!
How you are cut down to the ground,
you who laid the nations low!
Ezekiel 28:16
16In the abundance of your trade
you were filled with violence in your
midst, and you sinned;
so I cast you as a profane thing
from the mountain of God,
and I destroyed you, O guardian
from the midst of the stones of fire.
The first step from chaos to order is to
bring light. This is also the way God works
in our life
Let there be light
God did not have to fashion light with His
hands. It was enough for God to merely
speak the words, “Light be!” and there
was light.
Because God created things by speaking
them into existence, some have said we
can operate on the same principle,
speaking things into existence by faith.
Then God said
An omnipotent, omniscient Being certainly does not
need faith. He is the object of faith.
Genesis tells us that light, day, and night
each existed before the sun and the moon
were created on the fourth day (Genesis
1:14-19). This shows us that light is more
than a physical substance; it also has a
supernatural aspect. In the new heavens
and the new earth, there won’t be any sun
or moon. God Himself will be the light
(Revelation 22:5).
There was light

Revelation 22:5
5And night will be no more. They will
need no light of lamp or sun, for the
Lord God will be their light, and they
will reign forever and ever.
Many wonder how the sun, moon, and stars were
created on the fourth day when light (including day
and night) was created on the first day. Many have
suggested the problem is solved by saying these
heavenly bodies were created on the first day, but
were not specifically visible, or not finally formed,
until the fourth. But Revelation tells us of a coming
day when we won’t need the sun, moon, and stars
any longer (Revelation 21:23).
There’s no reason
why God couldn’t have started creation in the
same way He will end it.
  EXODUS 10:21
And the LORD said unto Moses,
Stretch out thine hand toward
heaven, that there may be darkness
over the land of Egypt, even
darkness which may be felt.
The darkness God sent upon the Egyptians
(Exodus 10:21) had a tangible quality to it, far
beyond what we usually think of as being
associated with darkness;
it could be felt. This
demonstrates a certain supernatural element, which
can be related to light and darkness.
2nd day of creation
God creates the sky. The sky forms a barrier between water upon the surface and the moisture in the air.
The waters of the land are separated from
the water vapor in the sky.
Let there be a firmament
God called the firmament Heaven.
God creates the sky. The sky forms a
barrier between water upon the surface
and the moisture in the air.
At this point
earth would have an atmosphere.
And God called the firmament
i. It would serve as a global greenhouse,
maintaining an essentially uniformly
pleasant temperature all over the world.

ii. Without great temperature
variations, there would be no
significant winds, and the water-rain
cycle could not form. There would be
no rain as we know it today.

iii. There would be lush, tropical-like
vegetation, all over the world, fed not by
rain, but by a rich evaporation and
condensation cycle, resulting in heavy
dew or ground-fog.

The vapor blanket would filter out
ultraviolet radiation, cosmic rays, and
other destructive energies bombarding
the planet. These are known to be the
cause of mutations, which decrease
human longevity.
Human and animal life
spans would be greatly increased.

v. A vapor blanket would provide the
necessary reservoir for a potential
worldwide flood.
1:6 - 7
And God said, Let there be a
firmament in the midst of the waters,
and let it divide the waters from the
And God made the firmament and
divided the waters which were under
the firmament from the waters which
were above the firmament: and it
was so.
Such a vapor blanket would greatly change the
ecology of the earth, with several effects of a vapor
3rd day of Creation
the land is divided from the sea; plants and all types of vegetation are created
God creates dry land. Continents and islands are above the water. The large bodies of water are named “seas” and the ground is
named “land.”
It means God allows variation within a
kind, but something of one kind will
never develop into something of another
According to its kind
Even though plant life was created before animal
life, animal life was not created out of plant life.
4th day of Creation
God creates all the stars and heavenly bodies, the sun, moon, and stars. The movement of these will help man track time.

Two great heavenly bodies are made in relation to the earth. The first is the sun which is the primary source of light and the moon
which reflects the light of the sun. The movement of these bodies will distinguish day from night.
God made the sun and the moon and
stars to mark and measure time and
Let them be for signs and
God knew exactly how far to set the sun from the
earth. A few million miles more or less and life as we
know it would be impossible.
5th day of Creation
birds and sea creatures are created
6th day of Creation
God makes land animals and the Creation of Man
Man is different from every other order of
created being because He has a created
consistency with God.
i. This means there is an
gap between human life and animal
Though we are biologically similar to
certain animals, we are distinct in our
moral, intellectual, and spiritual

ii. This means there is also an
unbridgeable gap between human life
and angelic life.
Nowhere are we told
the angels are made in the image of God.
Angels cannot have the same kind of
relationship of love and fellowship with
God we can have.

iii. This means the incarnation was
truly possible. God (in the Second
Person of the Trinity) could really
become man, because although deity
and humanity are not the same, they
are compatible.
Let Us make man in Our image
The use of the plural (Let Us…in Our image,
according to Our likeness) is consistent with the
idea that there is One God in three Persons, what
we know as the Trinity.
Though God does not have a physical
body, He designed man so man’s physical
body could do many of the things God
does: see, hear, smell, touch, speak,
think, plan, and so forth
JOHN 4:24
God is a Spirit: and they that
worship him must worship him in
spirit and in truth.
In this sense, it is sin if man does not use
this dominion responsibly, in the sense of
a proper regard for stewardship on this
Let them have dominion
To God, the differences between men and
women are not accidents.
Male and female He created
Men are not women, and women are not men.
When a man tries to be a woman or a woman tries
to be a man, you have something inferior.
Only vegetation is specifically mentioned
as being for food. Seemingly, before the
flood, the human race was vegetarian, but
after the flood, man was given permission
to eat the flesh of animals.
Then God blessed them
And God said, Behold, I have given
you every herb bearing seed, which
is upon the face of all the earth, and
every tree, in the which is the fruit of
a tree yielding seed; to you it shall
be for meat.
7th day of Creation
God rests. This in no way indicates He was weary from His creative efforts, but denotes that the creation is complete. Further, God is
establishing a pattern of one day in seven to rest.
When God pronounced the creation
good, He really meant it. At the time, it
was entirely
good; there was no death or
decay on earth at all.