HEBREWS
Presents Jesus as the GLORIOUS ONE. It is written by an unknown writer. Some scholars think it
was written by Barnabas. He was a Levite (Acts 4:36), and a Greek from Cyprus. He was familiar
with Jewish traditions. Barnabas and Paul preached together. Some believe that Paul wrote it, and
it was translated by Luke (a disciple who was Paul's "secretary").

It was written between 33-60 AD (as Hebrews mentions particular leaders), as the writer discusses
Jewish faith/traditions in the present tense. (no mention of destruction of Temple and Jerusalem is
mentioned).

It basically compares the two religions, Judaism and Christianity.

It took about 10 years for the Apostles to preach to the Jews about Jesus.
Peter finally figured out that they could preach as well to the Gentiles. (Acts 10)
In this time, the Jews could be a Hebrew Christian and still practice their Jewish faith & traditions,
because the two religions were seen as the same form of things.
Soon the Jewish religion began to become more hostile to the Christian religion. They wanted to
maintain Jewish control over Christianity. (Judaizers in Acts 15).
Circumcision played a big part in this as well. You had to become a Jew first BEFORE you became
a Christian. They also had to keep all the Jewish laws as well.
Then there was the Roman persecution of Paul and his imprisonment. (2 Tim. 4:6) At this time, the
Roman's were now making distinctions between the two religions. Originally they saw Christianity as
a mere "sect" of the Jewish faith. Also, at this time, Judaism was considered a "legal" religion.
Christianity religion didn't get "permission" from the Romans. The Roman's told the Christians that
they were breaking the law.
Because of these pressures and persecutions, many Jewish Christians were faced with the
decision to return to their old faith (Judaism), OR to make a complete break and go with Christianity.
Up until about 70 AD, you could be both, or a Jewish/Christian. After this time, you had to pick. It
was also in 70 AD that the destruction of Jerusalem occurred by the Romans.

The letter to the Hebrew's basically told them that they had to persevere to being Christians, and
gave encouragement.
This was new to the Jewish/Christians. The new "culture" of the Christians looked like they were
taking over. Some Jews didn't like this.
The writer of Hebrews compares the two religions, and tells the reader to make a decision which
religion is more superior.
The writer compares Jesus to the prophets and historically important people in the Old Testament
and other aspects of the Jewish religion. The writer compares the Aaronic priesthood and the
priesthood of Christ.

PART 1
The Glory of Christ (1:1 - 10:18) The Jew's were used to old prophets and sacrifices, and God
would talk through people and in many other ways. God spoke. Here it was told how Jesus was
more glorious and superior to all of this, as God is speaking THROUGH HIS SON, and not through
various prophets anymore. By speaking through Jesus, God is being much more clearer and
deeper than he ever was in the OT by speaking through the prophets. This is why Jesus and
Christianity was more superior to the "old" ways of the Jewish faith/traditions/sacriices etc.

There are historical phases to man and the end.
"In these last days...."
1. Ante-Deluvian (Creation to the Flood; Gen 1:1 - 8:22)
2. Post-Deluvian (Rainbow - Ascension of Christ, Gen 9:1 - Acts 1:26) men look up to the sky in
hope. Hope of seeing the rainbow after the flood by looking up, and Christ ascending to heaven in
the sky by looking up.
3. Last Days (Pentecost - Second Coming, Acts 2:1; Rev. 22:21) This is the time frame that the
Church has to prepare for the Second Coming and the Last Days. God communicates to us
through the words of Christ. Jesus is the one that the PROPHETS were speaking about!! Jesus is
at the beginning of history (the creation) and he is at the end of history, where man will be part of
God. (the prophets only live between all of this). Without Jesus, the earth would be in darkness,
and satan.
God/Jesus will "guide" the world to it's end, according to HIS purpose. His power holds everything
together, so nothing can destroy the world. Man cannot destroy the world. That power belongs
exclusively to God.
Let there be light. Jesus IS the light, Jesus IS the word. The word became flesh.

PART 2
The Glory of the Church (10:19 - 13:25) Glorifying faithfulness of Jesus, the church shares in
that glory.

Jesus is GREATER than the prophets because:
JESUS
PROPHETS
1st and last in history
in between history
Divine nature
human nature
Supreme Authority
No authority